The link has been received from Amanda and Jenna in California...
Morland's comment: 'Some useful guides to rules in Grammar... we especially like the advice for re-drafting writing.... especially 'Good Grammar for Dummie's'
Here is an excerpt from the link so that a flavour (spelt flavor in the USA) of the content can be gained...
The following resources and tips will give you a good grasp of the basic rules of grammar and punctuation so your essay will be clear, correct, and consistent.
- The Difference between Adjectives and Adverbs: Adjectives and adverbs can seem similar, but they have different purposes in sentences. Adjectives describe nouns, whereas adverbs usually modify verbs or adjectives.
- Capitalization Rules (PDF): Standard capitalization rules include beginning each sentence with a capital letter, capitalizing proper nouns that name specific people, places, or organizations, and capitalizing days of the week and months of the year.
- Basic Grammar Rules (PDF): A basic grammar rule involves agreement between the subject and verb of a sentence. If the subject is a singular noun, the verb must be a singular verb. Accordingly, if the subject is plural, the verb must also be plural.
- 11 Essential Rules of Grammar: Correct use of punctuation is an integral part of proper grammar. For example, commas can surround nonrestrictive phrases that are not an essential part of a sentence.
- Overview of Conjunctions: Conjunctions are words that join different parts of sentences. For example, coordinating conjunctions such as "and" and "yet" are small words used between two independent clauses to join them together.
- What Are Articles? Articles include the words "a," "an," and "the." These words fit into sentences before nouns, but they are not always necessary.
- Proofreading and Grammar: Run-on sentences are a common issue for writers. This type of sentence includes two independent clauses without punctuation or a conjunction between the clauses.
- Grammar Help: Fragments: A sentence fragment is a phrase that often resembles a sentence. The phrase constitutes a fragment, however, because it is missing an important element such as the subject or verb.
- Grammar Handbook: Independent and Dependent Clauses: An independent clause is a complete sentence with a subject and predicate. A dependent clause is a part of a sentence, and it might contain a noun, adverb, or adjective phrase.
- Guide to Verb Tenses: Verbs can be used to convey action in the present, action that already happened, or action that will happen in the future. The verb tense communicates when the action will or did occur.
- Tips on Grammar, Punctuation, and Style: Dashes are a way to set a clause apart from the rest of a sentence. A hyphen joins words or parts of words together, such as in "earth-shattering."
- Grammar and Punctuation Tips: Knowing where to place commas is an important writing and editing skill. When a sentence includes an introductory phrase, place the comma after it to separate it from the other parts of the sentence.
- Good Grammar for Dummies: When proofreading a written document, it might help to read the text aloud. Hearing the words can help you eliminate repetition and place commas where they belong.
- Basic Punctuation Rules (PDF): Use commas in a series to separate three or more words or phrases. A comma can also separate two adjectives describing a noun.
- Sentence Structure: Prepositions: Prepositions are short words that might combine with other words to make a phrase. A prepositional phrase gives information about when or where something will occur.
- Know the Grammar (PDF): The parts of speech include nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, interjections, prepositions, and conjunctions. Knowing correct usage of these parts of speech will help you be a better writer.
- Study Tips: Writing (PDF): When writing an essay, it may help to break it down into its basic components. These parts include the sentence, paragraph, and references to cite resources.
- General Strategies for Editing and Proofreading: It's common for writers to have patterns that involve repeating the same grammatical mistakes. While proofreading a document, if you know that you tend to make punctuation errors, pay close attention to the placement of commas, semicolons, and quotation marks.
- Proofreading for Common Surface Errors: Spelling, Punctuation, and Grammar: Spelling errors are common for many writers. It's typical for people to confuse words that sound the same or have similar letters. A proofreading scan of a document with software may catch some errors, but careful reading will also be necessary.
- Punctuation: Commas and Semicolons: Some styles require a comma before the conjunction and the last item in a series. Other styles omit this final comma, called an Oxford comma or serial comma. To ensure that you punctuate correctly, always know the required style.
- Guide to Grammar and Style: A modifier provides more details about a noun or a verb. Modifiers are generally either adjectives or adverbs.